PubMed: The Basics
Below are a few essential tips to help you improve your PubMed searches.
Boolean Operators AND, OR, NOT
– are used to combine search
terms, and in PubMed, they must be in UPPERCASE
- AND is used when you’re looking for articles that contain ALL of your search terms
(narrows your search).
- OR is used when you’re looking for articles containing at least one of your search
terms (broadens your search; often used for synonyms).
- NOT is used when you want articles that EXCLUDE your search term.
Use * to replace one or more characters at the end of your search
This can be very useful if you’re doing a broad search and will accept multiple forms of
your search term, including plurals.
Single Citation Matcher
PubMed has a handy tool if you’re trying to locate a
the single citation matcher. A fast way to use it is to start entering the journal name
menu of possible titles pops up), the publication year, and the last name of the first
author (restricting choices to “only as first author”).
Anytime you search on PubMed, the default results page is for “All”
results. If you only want specific type of article, say peer review articles only, you
narrow your search to this particular type.